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Hypertension

Updated: Mar 24


Hypertension is the term used to describe high blood pressure.


Blood pressure measurements are the result of the force of the blood produced by the heart and the size and condition of the arteries.


There are two types of high blood pressure:

  1. Primary (essential) hypertension In 90 to 95 percent of high blood pressure cases in adults, there's no identifiable cause. This type of high blood pressure, called essential hypertension or primary hypertension, tends to develop gradually over many years.

  2. Secondary hypertension The other 5 to 10 percent of high blood pressure cases are caused by an underlying condition. This type of high blood pressure, called secondary hypertension, tends to appear suddenly and cause higher blood pressure than does primary hypertension. Various conditions and medications can lead to secondary hypertension.

What can cause Hypertension?

Blood pressure measurements are the result of the force of the blood produced by the heart and the size and condition of the arteries.

  • Stress

  • Age

  • Overweight

  • Smoking

  • Thyroid Problems

  • Drugs

  • Hereditary

  • Kidney Problems

Symptoms:

  • Flushing

  • Nervous

  • Insomnia

  • Migraines

  • Red Eye

  • Chest Pain

  • Nose Bleeds

  • Excessive Perspiration

How can Hypertension be treated?

  • Eat more fruits and vegetables

  • Limit salt

  • Avoid caffeine, sodas, and energy drinks.

  • Avoid Alcohol

  • Exercise regularly

  • Do not smoke

  • Manage stress

  • Prescribed Medication

Treatment for hypertension emphasizes a multidisciplinary approach to blood pressure control. The treatment regimen might include anti-hypertensive drug therapy and lifestyle modifications such as exercise, weight loss, diet modification, smoking cessation, and stress reduction.


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